# proof

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## proof

(pro͞of)*n.*

**1.**The evidence or argument that compels the mind to accept an assertion as true.

**2.**

**a.**The validation of a proposition by application of specified rules, as of induction or deduction, to assumptions, axioms, and sequentially derived conclusions.

**b.**A statement or argument used in such a validation.

**3.**

**a.**Convincing or persuasive demonstration: was asked for proof of his identity; an employment history that was proof of her dependability.

**b.**The state of being convinced or persuaded by consideration of evidence.

**4.**Determination of the quality of something by testing; trial: put one's beliefs to the proof.

**5.**

*Law*

**a.**The establishment of the truth or falsity of an allegation by evidence.

**b.**The evidence offered in support of or in contravention of an allegation.

**6.**The alcoholic strength of a liquor, expressed by a number that is twice the percentage by volume of alcohol present.

**7.**

*Printing*

**a.**A trial sheet of printed material that is made to be checked and corrected. Also called

*proof sheet*.

**b.**A trial impression of a plate, stone, or block taken at any of various stages in engraving.

**8.**

**a.**A trial photographic print.

**b.**Any of a limited number of newly minted coins or medals struck as specimens and for collectors from a new die on a polished planchet.

**9.**

*Archaic*Proven impenetrability: "I was clothed in Armor of proof" (John Bunyan).

*adj.*

**1.**Fully or successfully resistant; impervious. Often used in combination: waterproof watches; a fireproof cellar door.

**2.**Of standard alcoholic strength: proof liquor.

**3.**Used to proofread or correct typeset copy: a proof copy of the manuscript.

*v.*

**proofed**,

**proof·ing**,

**proofs**

*v.*

*tr.*

**1.**

*Printing*

**a.**To make a trial impression of (printed or engraved matter).

**b.**To proofread (copy).

**2.**

**a.**To activate (dormant dry yeast) by adding water.

**b.**To work (dough) into proper lightness.

**3.**To treat so as to make resistant: proof a fabric against shrinkage.

*v.*

*intr.*

**1.**

*Printing*To proofread.

**2.**To become properly light for cooking: The batter proofed overnight.

[Middle English prove, preve, from Anglo-Norman prove and from Old French prueve, both from Late Latin proba, from Latin probāre,

*to prove*; see**prove**.]**proof′er**

*n.*

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## proof

(pruːf)*n*

**1.**any evidence that establishes or helps to establish the truth, validity, quality, etc, of something

**2.**(Law)

*law*the whole body of evidence upon which the verdict of a court is based

**3.**(Mathematics)

*maths*

*logic*a sequence of steps or statements that establishes the truth of a proposition. See also direct

^{17}, induction

^{4}, induction

^{8}

**4.**the act of testing the truth of something (esp in the phrase

**put to the proof**)

**5.**(Law)

*Scots law*trial before a judge without a jury

**6.**(Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding)

*printing*a trial impression made from composed type, or a print-out (from a laser printer, etc) for the correction of errors

**7.**(Art Terms) (in engraving, etc) a print made by an artist or under his supervision for his own satisfaction before he hands the plate over to a professional printer

**8.**(Photography)

*photog*a trial print from a negative

**9.**(Brewing)

**a.**the alcoholic strength of proof spirit

**b.**the strength of a beverage or other alcoholic liquor as measured on a scale in which the strength of proof spirit is 100 degrees

*adj*

**10.**(foll by:

*against*) able to resist; impervious (to): the roof is proof against rain.

**11.**(Brewing) having the alcoholic strength of proof spirit

**12.**(Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) of proved strength or impenetrability: proof armour.

*vb*

**13.**(Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) (

*tr*) to take a proof from (type matter, a plate, etc)

**14.**(Journalism & Publishing) to proofread (text) or inspect (a print, etc), as for approval

**15.**to render (something) proof, esp to waterproof

[C13: from Old French

*preuve*a test, from Late Latin*proba,*from Latin*probāre*to test]Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## proof

(pruf)*n.*

**1.**evidence sufficient to establish a thing as true or believable.

**2.**anything serving as such evidence.

**3.**the act of testing or trying anything; test; trial: to put a thing to the proof.

**4.**the establishment of the truth of anything; demonstration.

**5.**(in judicial proceedings) evidence that seems to substantiate or corroborate a charge or allegation.

**6.**an arithmetical operation serving to check the correctness of a calculation.

**7.**

*Math., Logic.*a sequence of steps, statements, or demonstrations that leads to a valid conclusion.

**8.**a test to determine the quality, durability, etc., of materials used in manufacture.

**9.**the strength of an alcoholic liquor, esp. with reference to the standard whereby 100 proof signifies an alcoholic content of 50 percent.

**10.**

*Photog.*a trial print from a negative.

**11.**

*Print.*

**a.**a trial impression, as of composed type, taken to correct errors and make alterations.

**b.**one of a number of early and superior impressions taken before the printing of the ordinary issue.

**12.**one of a limited number of coins of a new issue struck from polished dies on a blank having a polished or matte surface.

**13.**the state of having been tested.

*adj.*

**14.**able to withstand; impenetrable, impervious, or invulnerable: proof against attack; proof against leakage.

**15.**used for testing or proving; serving as proof.

**16.**of standard strength, as an alcoholic liquor.

**17.**of tested or proven strength or quality: proof armor.

*v.t.*

**18.**to examine for flaws, errors, etc.; check against a standard.

**20.**proofread.

**21.**to treat or coat for the purpose of rendering resistant to deterioration, damage, etc. (often used in combination).

**22.**

**a.**to combine (yeast) with warm water so that a bubbling action occurs.

**b.**to cause (bread dough, etc.) to rise by adding baker's yeast.

*v.i.*

**23.**(of yeast) to bubble or foam when mixed with warm water, milk, etc.

[1175–1225; Middle English

*prove, prooff,*alter. (by association with the vowel of prove) of*preove, pref*< Middle French*preve, proeve*< Late Latin*proba*a test, n. derivative of Latin*probāre*to approve of, examine, prove]## -proof

a combining form of proof, with the meaning “resistant, impervious to” that specified by the initial element: childproof; waterproof.

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

## proof

(pro͞of) A demonstration of the truth of a mathematical or logical statement, based on axioms and theorems derived from these axioms.

The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## proof

- evidence, proof - Evidence—from Latin e-, "out," and videre, "to see"— is information that helps form a conclusion; proof is factual information that verifies a conclusion.
- proof in the pudding - A shortening of the saying "the proof of the pudding is in the eating," i.e. a thing is tested by putting it to its intended use.
- proof - The strength of alcohol.
- adduce - To cite as an instance or as proof or evidence.

Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

## proof

**Past participle:**proofed

**Gerund:**proofing

Imperative |
---|

proof |

proof |

Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

## proof

A trial image taken of a print.

Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

**Legend:**Switch to new thesaurus

Noun | 1. | proof - any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something; "if you have any proof for what you say, now is the time to produce it"evidence, grounds - your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief; "the evidence that smoking causes lung cancer is very compelling" confirmation, substantiation, verification, check - additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; "fossils provided further confirmation of the evolutionary theory" validation, establishment - the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof |

2. | proof - a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from itmath, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement logic - the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference mathematical proof - proof of a mathematical theorem logical proof - proof of a logical theorem monstrance, demonstration - proof by a process of argument or a series of proposition proving an asserted conclusion | |

3. | proof - a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume) | |

4. | proof - (printing) an impression made to check for errorsprinting, impression - all the copies of a work printed at one time; "they ran off an initial printing of 2000 copies" galley proof - a proof taken before the type is broken up to print pages foundry proof - a proof taken from a form before duplicate plates are made printing process, printing - reproduction by applying ink to paper as for publication | |

5. | proof - a trial photographic print from a negativephotographic print, print - a printed picture produced from a photographic negative | |

6. | proof - the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of somethingdetermination, finding - the act of determining the properties of something, usually by research or calculation; "the determination of molecular structures" authentication, certification - validating the authenticity of something or someone documentation, support - documentary validation; "his documentation of the results was excellent"; "the strongest support for this view is the work of Jones" monetisation, monetization - establishing something (e.g. gold or silver) as the legal tender of a country probate - the act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and executed in accord with legal requirements | |

Verb | 1. | proof - make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset |

2. | proof - knead to reach proper lightness; "proof dough" | |

3. | proof - read for errors; "I should proofread my manuscripts" | |

4. | proof - activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk; "proof yeast" | |

5. | proof - make resistant (to harm); "proof the materials against shrinking in the dryer"bombproof - make safe against bombings bulletproof - make bulletproof; "bulletproof the car" childproof, child-proof - make safe against children; "childproof the apartment" fireproof - make resistant to fire weatherproof - make resistant to bad weather strengthen - gain strength; "His body strengthened" | |

Adj. | 1. | proof - (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand; "temptation-proof"; "childproof locks"imperviable, impervious - not admitting of passage or capable of being affected; "a material impervious to water"; "someone impervious to argument" |

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

## proof

*noun*

**1.**evidence, demonstration, testimony, confirmation, verification, certification, corroboration, authentication, substantiation, attestation You must have proof of residence in the state.

**2.**

*(Printing)*

**trial print**, pull, slip, galley, page proof, galley proof, trial impression I'm correcting the proofs of the Spanish edition right now.

*adjective*

**1.**impervious, strong, tight, resistant, impenetrable, repellent The fortress was proof against attack.

**Proverbs**

"The proof of the pudding is in the eating"

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

## proof

*noun*

**1.**That which confirms:

**2.**A fact or circumstance that gives logical support to an assertion, claim, or proposal:

**why and wherefore.**

*Idiom:**adjective*

Having the capacity to withstand:

The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Translations

**důkaz**

**korektura**

**nátisk**

**obtah**

**bevis**

**prøvetryk**

**korrektur**

**todiste**

**todistus**

**dokaz**

**otisak za korekturu**

**bizonyítás**

**bizonyíték**

**korrektúra**

**nyers kép**

**próförk**

**prufumynd**

**sönnun**

**校正刷り**

**証拠**

**교정쇄**

**증거**

**bandomoji nuotrauka**

**korektūra**

**nepralaidus**

**korektūra**

**paraugnovilkums**

**pierādījums**

**nátlač**

**obťah**

**dokaz**

**bevis**

**korrektur**

**ข้อพิสูจน์**

**ปรู๊ฟ**

**bản in thử**

**bằng chứng**

## proof

[pruːf]**A.**

*N*

**1.**(=

*evidence*) → prueba(s)

*f(pl)*

do you have any proof of this? → ¿tienes pruebas de esto?

it is proof that he is innocent → eso prueba su inocencia

**→ como**

__as__(a)*or*__in__proof of*or*en prueba de

**the**→ sobre él recae la tarea de demostrar su inocencia

__burden__of proof is*or*falls on him**→ a modo de prueba**

__by way of__proof**to**→ demostrar algo/que ...

__give__*or*__show__proof of sth/that**you will need proof of**→ necesitará algo que acredite su identidad

__identity__**to be**→ ser prueba viviente de algo

__living__proof of sth**proof**→ prueba

__positive__*f*concluyente

**to obtain a refund you must produce proof of**→ para cualquier devolución necesitará el comprobante de compra

__purchase__**2.**(=

*test, trial*) → prueba

*f*

**to**→ poner algo a prueba

__put__sth to the proof**the proof of the pudding (is in the eating)**→ para saber si algo es bueno hay que probarlo

**3.**(

*Typ, Phot*) → prueba

*f*

**to**→ corregir las pruebas

__correct__*or*__read__the proofs*see also*

**galley**

**B**

*see also*

**page**

^{1}

**B**

**4.**[

*of alcohol*] → graduación

*f*(alcohólica)

it is 70 degrees proof → tiene una graduación del 40% (

*US*) → tiene una graduación del 35%

**→ con una graduación alcohólica superior al 57,1%**

__over__proof**→ con una graduación alcohólica inferior al 57,1%**

__under__*or*__below__proof**5.**(=

*security, safeguard*) → protección

*f*(

**against**contra) knowledge is no proof against certain kinds of disaster → el saber no es protección contra ciertas clases de desastre

**B.**

*ADJ*

Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

## proof

[ˈpruːf]Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## proof

*n*

→ Beweis

*m*→ (*of*für); you’ll need more**proof**than that → die Beweise reichen nicht aus; as**proof**of → als*or*zum Beweis für; to put something to the**proof**→ etw auf die Probe stellen; (Tech) → etw erproben; that is**proof**that … → das ist der Beweis dafür, dass …; to give*or*show**proof**of something → etw nachweisen, den Nachweis für etw liefern; can you give us any**proof**of that? → können Sie (uns) dafür Beweise liefern?; show me your**proof**→ beweisen Sie (mir) das; what**proof**is there that he meant it? → und was beweist, dass er es ernst gemeint hat?;**proof**of purchase (= receipt) → Kaufbeleg*m**adj*(= resistant) to be

**proof**against fire/bullets → feuersicher/kugelsicher sein; to be

**proof**against water → wasserdicht sein;

**proof**against inflation → inflationssicher

*vt*

(against water) → imprägnieren

## proof

:**proofreader**

**proofreading**

**proof sheet**

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

## proof

[pruːf]**1.**

*n*

**a.**(

*evidence*) → prova (

*Math*) → dimostrazione

*f*

proof of identity → documento d'identità

I have proof that he did it → ho le prove che è stato lui a farlo

as

*or*in proof of → come prova

*or*testimonianza di

to give

*or*show proof of → dar prova di

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

## proof

(pruːf)*noun*

**1.**(a piece of) evidence, information

*etc*that shows definitely that something is true. We still have no proof that he is innocent.

**2.**a first copy of a printed sheet, that can be corrected before the final printing. She was correcting the proofs of her novel.

**3.**in photography, the first print from a negative.

**-proof**

able to withstand or avoid something. waterproof covering.

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

## proof

→ بُرْهَان, مِسْوَدَّةُ الطَّبْع důkaz, korektura bevis, prøvetryk Beweismittel, Korrekturfahne αποδεικτικό στοιχείο, απόδειξη prueba todiste épreuve, preuve dokaz, otisak za korekturu bozza, prova 校正刷り, 証拠 교정쇄, 증거 bewijs, proefafdruk bevis, prøvetrykk badanie, dowód comprovante, prova доказательство, подтверждение bevis, korrektur ข้อพิสูจน์, ปรู๊ฟ deneme baskısı, kanıt bản in thử, bằng chứng 校样, 证据Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

## proof

*n.*prueba, comprobación;

*v.*probar, demostrar.

English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

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